Osteochondritis is stiffness, swelling, and pain in the ankle joint due to lesions or fractures that form on the joint surface as a result of previous twisted-ankle injuries. Osteochondritis can affect persons of any age.
Symptoms of osteochondritis resemble those of an ankle sprain, such as swelling, pain, and a difficult time putting weight on the affected area
Osteochondritis treatment begins with X-rays to check for joint surface fractures and to distinguish the injury from a sprain. The foot and ankle should be immobilized to allow the joint to rest and heal. Surgery may be necessary to treat severe cases to remove cartilage and bone fragments from the ankle joint area, stimulate new blood vessels, and promote scar tissue that will fill in the damaged areas
Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain:
Chronic lateral ankle pain often results from a prior ankle sprain or injury and involves pain along the outer ankle area.
What Causes Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain?
- Repetitive ankle sprains and post-sprain formation of scar tissue
- Fractures in the ankle joint bones
- Arthritis of the ankle joint, or inflammation of the ankle joint, tendons, or joint lining
- Ankle-area nerve damage, including stretching, tearing, or pinching of ankle nerves
What Are Symptoms of Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain?
- Outer ankle and lower leg pain
- Stiff, tender ankle
- Swelling of the ankle area
- Unstable ankle and trouble maintaining balance on bumpy, unlevel ground or while wearing high-heeled shoes
How Is Chronic Lateral Ankle Pain Treated?
- Take anti-inflammatory or prescription steroidal medications on a temporary basis to decrease swelling (ask your doctor first)
- Do physical therapy, including exercises that strengthen and improve the range of motion for ankle muscles
- Wear ankle braces and ankle supports
- Immobilize the area to allow bone healing after fractures
When the ankle bones twist or receive too much force, the ligaments surrounding the outside of the bones may suffer from over-stretching or tearing, resulting in a painful ankle sprain. There are different levels of severity when it comes to ankle sprains, and if the sprain is not properly diagnosed and treated, it can cause permanent, lasting ankle trouble.
What Are Symptoms of an Ankle Sprain?
- Swelling after twisting or injuring the ankle area
- Bruising of the ankle area
- Pain in the lower leg
How Is an Ankle Sprain Treated?
- Apply ice to the ankle area and elevate the affected lower leg to lessen swelling
- Rest the ankle from activity, exercise, and even walking
- Limit motion and support the injured ankle by wrapping it with compression bandages
- If the sprain involves severe twisting or tearing of the ligaments, surgery may be necessary to repair the damage and tighten the over-stretched ligaments
How Can Ankle Sprains Be Prevented?
- Wear properly fitting, supportive footwear and sneakers, especially during exercise and sports
- Protect weak ankles from sprains and re-injuries with appropriate ankle braces and supports
- Keep the ankle muscles strong and flexible through regularly exercising and stretching them as well as the surrounding muscles